Economic recovery is seen as urgent in the light of the global economic slowdown, with businesses collapsing, vast job losses and devastated livelihoods across the world. Many are calling for a more sustainable, inclusive recovery, in line with commitments made to tackle climate change. This is often encapsulated in the idea of the ‘green economy’. This panel discussion will explore what is understood by this term and whether it can go far enough in responding to the climate emergency and extensive inequalities. Critiques and alternatives to the ‘green economy’ will be discussed, examining the relevance of the concept for different parts of the world and how an economy can be created that effectively responds to the climate emergency and delivers on greater equality and prosperity.